Monday, July 25, 2016

Decoding Strategies: Look at the Picture

Teaching students to read MUST include teaching students to be independent readers with strategies to encourage independence. "Look at the picture" is the best place to start.
This is the first skill we teach students is to look at the pictures.

At the beginning of the school year, students should be exposed to several sight words.  They should be words not frequently decoded or words seen frequently in emergent readers. We start with words I, a, see, can, the, look, and my.  To make the words independent, you can have repetitive texts with these words.  Students should then be introduced to the first decoding strategies: Look at the Picture.
Teaching students to read MUST include teaching students to be independent readers with strategies to encourage independence. "Look at the picture" is the best place to start.

Teaching students to read MUST include teaching students to be independent readers with strategies to encourage independence. "Look at the picture" is the best place to start.Students read the sight words, then look at the picture to get the cue.  The biggest problem with this strategy is that it's typically done in conjunction with other strategies.  I think we should isolate the strategy for instruction and practice before we use them in conjunction with others.

1. Picture Context

Using a picture, students can look at it critically.  They should ask what the context of the picture is -  what belongs and what doesn't belong.  Students need practice in understanding pictures have meaning and there is a comprehension factor to looking at pictures.

2. Picture Naming

Teaching students to read MUST include teaching students to be independent readers with strategies to encourage independence. "Look at the picture" is the best place to start.
Using pictures, have students name the objects in the pictures.  What do you see in the picture?  What could you read about in a story about the picture? What words would you need to know if you wanted to write a story about the picture.
Teaching students to read MUST include teaching students to be independent readers with strategies to encourage independence. "Look at the picture" is the best place to start.

3. Read the Pictures

Students can look at the pictures on the page and then, tell a sentence using that word.  This should not be a lesson in writing a sentence.  Students need to orally tell the story using the pictures.

4. Read the Words

Finally, students will use the pictures to read the words.  This is a final activity in using the pictures.
Teaching students to read MUST include teaching students to be independent readers with strategies to encourage independence. "Look at the picture" is the best place to start.

As with any strategy, this activity needs to be repeated in small group, with partners, and independently.







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